The basis of a clothing concept for the winter is, on the one hand, the well-known onion principle. On the other hand, the tour planning for the choice of the right and functional outdoor clothing plays a major role. First of all, you should know which weather, precipitation, and temperatures are to be expected in order to react quickly and efficiently to changes.
In the following, I assume a standard scenario: a long snowshoe hike in the snow-covered mountains with temperatures between -10 and 0 degrees Celsius – possibly with an overnight stay in the bivouac or the winter room of a hut. Ensure to buy a bomber jacket online, and be ready for your adventure, meanwhile, let’s ride.
The most heat is lost over the head, which is general wisdom. Whether this is so, can indeed be doubted, but matching head protection for the heat retention is important. Because no matter how much heat is lost over the head, with a cap, it is of course much more pleasant in the cold than with cold ears. The cap should, therefore, be good enough in any case over the ears and above all – if necessary – also fit under a helmet. Wind-resistant materials are of course also in a cap of advantage. Also, a tubular cloth worn around the neck protects sensitive areas of the neck and neck. When the nose gets cold, you can pull the cloth up a bit to cover your mouth and nose.
The unprotected face is best protected by high-fat cream such as with a wind-and-weather cream for babies. Long distance swimmers lubricate the entire body with such a fatty cream. It ensures that a protective layer is built up between the skin and the environment. Fat is a bad conductor of heat, therefore should be contained in the cream little to no water and really only fat is applied.
In my opinion, the body is the most important part of living things, which should be kept warm in winter. When the body, and therefore the internal organs, are protected from the cold, a completely natural, physiological protective mechanism is counteracted.
Namely, as soon as the vital organs are affected by severe cooling (that is, when the body core temperature begins to decline), the blood flow into the extremities is regulated down to be able to use more blood and energy to maintain the basic life function. On “dispensable” extremities such as fingers, toes, arms, and legs, the body then takes no more consideration, after all, you can survive quite well even without toes.
The best protection against cold feet and hands, or even frostbite, is. Therefore, a functional and warm layering system made up of different layers of clothing adapted to one another using the onion principle. The underwear should primarily derive the moisture to the next layer and be, depending on need, more or less warming. In order for this to work well, it should be tight fitting and in most cases have contact with the skin.